Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim.
Volume 54, 2018
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||17 April 2018|
Effects of food concentration on the life table demography and morphology of three Keratella quadrata morphotypes
Provincial Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Important Biological Resource in Anhui, College of Life Sciences, Anhui Normal University,
241000, PR China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 25 January 2018
Keratella quadrata with two (2PS), one (1PS) and none posteolateral (0PS) spines were cultured under four food levels (0.75 × 106, 1.5 × 106, 3.0 × 106 and 6.0 × 106 cells·mL−1 of Scenedesmus obliquus) to test the differences in the life table demography and the morphological characteristics among these three morphotypes. The results showed that each K. quadrata morphotype could produce 2PS, 1PS and 0PS offsprings. The frequencies of 0PS were extremely low (<5%) and could be considered as a small probability event, suggesting that the 0PS morphotype might be an abnormal status. The following life table demographic tests suggested that 0PS morphotype had a relatively lower intrinsic rate of population growth at high food concentrations and a relatively lower average lifespan, in comparison to 2PS rotifers. These results further supported that the 0PS K. quadrata might be an abnormal development. Along with the elevating food concentration, 1PS morphotype reproduced more 2PS offsprings, suggesting that high energy input might be helpful to grow more posterolateral spines. However, in response to the increasing food concentration, 0PS rotifers produced more 1PS offsprings. The underlying mechanisms required further investigations. The posterolateral spine length of offsprings of 0PS K. quadrata was significantly longer than those of 2PS and 1PS rotifer parents at the four food concentrations, which probably help the offsprings of 0PS rotifer parents to survive in natural environments, since long and more posterolateral spines offer rotifers high ability to compete with other rotifers and cladocerans for food or to resist predators.
Key words: food concentration / life history traits / morphological traits / rotifer
© EDP Sciences, 2018
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