Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim.
Volume 55, 2019
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||18 February 2019|
Competition between Brachionus calyciflorus and Brachionus angularis (Rotifera) in relation to algal food level and initial population density
Provincial Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Important Biological Resource in Anhui, College of Life Sciences, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, Anhui Province, PR China
2 Collaborative Innovation Center of Recovery and Reconstruction of Degraded Ecosystem in Wanjiang City Belt, Anhui Province, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, 241000, Anhui Province, PR China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 21 January 2019
Intensive interspecific competition for limited resource often can result in the exclusion of inferior competitors, decrease the species diversity and alter the structure of the zooplankton community. Competitive experiments between Brachionus calyciflorus and Brachionus angularis were conducted at three Scenedesmus densities (0.5 × 106, 1.0 × 106 and 2.0 × 106 cells ml−1) and four initial inoculation densities (numerically, 100% B. calyciflorus, 75% B. calyciflorus and 25% B. angularis, 50% each of the two species, 25% B. calyciflorus and 75% B. angularis, and 100% B. angularis). The results showed that at the low food level, B. angularis outcompeted B. calyciflorus and vice versa at the high food levels. At the intermediate food level, B. angularis was displaced by B. calyciflorus at nearly all the initial inoculation densities except for 75% B. angularis, at which both species coexisted until the termination of the experiment. When grown alone at 0.5 × 106, 1.0 × 106 and 2.0 × 106 cells ml−1 of Scenedesmus, B. calyciflorus reached the peak abundance values of 34 ± 4, 69 ± 5 and 101 ± 9 individuals ml−1 and had population growth rates of 0.608 ± 0.032, 0.654 ± 0.033 and 0.518 ± 0.039 d−1, respectively. The corresponding values for B. angularis were 265 ± 8, 330 ± 30 and 802 ± 87 individuals ml−1 and 0.623 ± 0.020, 0.770 ± 0.036 and 0.871 ± 0.013 d−1. The results suggest that the outcome of competition depends not only on the size of the competing species and food availability but also on their colonizing density.
Key words: rotifer / interspecific competition / food level / initial inoculation
© EDP Sciences, 2019
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