Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim.
Volume 55, 2019
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||15 November 2019|
Low cross-taxon congruence among aquatic organisms in artificial tropical ponds: implications for biomonitoring
Laboratório de Ficologia, Campus Goiânia-Laranjeiras, Universidade Estadual de Goiás, Goiânia, Brasil
2 ICB, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, Brasil
3 University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland, Lullier-Geneva, Switzerland
4 Faculdade Araguaia, Goiânia, Brasil
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 8 October 2019
The use of biodiversity surrogates is often suggested to increase the cost-effectiveness of biomonitoring programs, as this demands less time and taxonomic expertise. In addition, the detection of multi-taxon associations is a first step toward a better understanding of how organisms interact with each other. Such a multi-taxon association is termed a congruence, and can be detected through measuring the similarity in the distributional patterns shown by different biological groups. To assess the ability of different taxa to serve as surrogates for others, we carried out a Procrustes analysis on the beta diversity patterns of seven biological groups (aquatic birds, Amphibians, Macrophytes, Coleoptera, Odonata, Heteroptera and phytoplankton) in 35 ponds of the Cerrado biome. We found that: (i) the values of congruence in the studied ponds were weak; (ii) among all the biological groups compared, the highest congruence was found between amphibians and macrophytes; (iii) amphibians were congruent with the Coleoptera, Heteroptera, and macrophytes; (iv) the different taxa studied had different responses to environmental conditions; and (v) although they showed relatively weak congruence with the other taxa in each pond environment, amphibian communities were the most strongly influenced by environment variables. Almost all the communities observed in these systems showed unique pattern and thus should be studied and monitored in their entirety.
Key words: waterbodies / biomonitoring / aquatic communities / biodiversity surrogates / freshwater biodiversity
© EDP Sciences, 2019
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