Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim.
Volume 55, 2019
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||15 November 2019|
Relative effects of elevational and habitat constraints on alpine spring biodiversity
Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, IRD, Avignon Université, UMR-7263 IMBE, Institut Méditerranéen de Biodiversité et d'Écologie Marine et Continentale, 13397 Marseille Cedex, France
2 Univ. Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, CNRS, ENTPE, UMR-5023 LEHNA, Laboratoire d'Écologie des Hydrosystèmes Naturels et Anthropisés, 43 Boulevard du 11 Novembre 1918, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 4 October 2019
Global climatic changes and local disturbances may alter composition and distribution of spring invertebrates in mountains. In this study, we compared the effects of elevation, landscape and local characteristics on spring biodiversity. At 16 springs (from 570 to 1650 m a.s.l.) in The Chartreuse Range (French Alps) benthic, vegetation, and interstitial habitats were sampled in summer for aquatic invertebrate assemblage structure (abundances, richness, reproduction and dispersal traits, functional feeding groups). Assemblages were related to geographic location (elevation), landscape characteristics and local variables. Elevation was the major driver of the fauna: taxonomic richness and the percentage of scrapers decreased with elevation, while the proportion of predators and species with an asexual reproduction increased with elevation. The landscape characteristics around the spring had a weak influence on the benthic taxonomic richness which increased with the percentage of forest and decreased with the proportion of grassland. Finally, the habitat characteristics had no effect on taxonomic richness, but partially control the abundances of benthic assemblages and sediment-feeder organisms that both decreased with increasing sediment grain size. Current and future changes in the temperature patterns would affect alpine spring fauna, but disturbance of the local characteristics of springs must not be neglected.
Key words: Alp mountains / ecotone / groundwater / land-cover / species traits
© C. Claret and P. Marmonier, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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