Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim.
Volume 54, 2018
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||24 October 2018|
Mayfly (Ephemeroptera) assemblages of a Pannonian lowland mountain, with first records of the parasite Symbiocladius rhithrogenae (Zavrel, 1924) (Diptera: Chironomidae)
University of Zagreb, Faculty of Teacher Education,
Trg Matice Hrvatske 12,
2 Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Department of Biology, Ulica cara Hadrijana 8/A, Osijek, Croatia
3 University of Zagreb, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, Rooseveltov trg 6, Zagreb, Croatia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 7 September 2018
Despite increasing numbers of studies on aquatic insects in South-East European streams, there are still gaps in the knowledge about their distribution and assemblage composition in many regions. As one of the most abundant and sensitive aquatic insects, mayflies are widely used as bioindicator taxa. With the main goal of improving the knowledge of South-East European mayflies, a study was conducted of 15 streams along a Pannonian lowland mountain, in spring and summer 2017. A total of 18 mayfly taxa were recorded, where Ephemera danica Müller, 1764 and Baetis rhodani (Pictet, 1843) were the most widespread. All sites were characterized with the domination of rhithral elements, with similar shares of grazers/scrapers and detritivores. Nevertheless, sites at lower altitudes generally had a higher share of potamal and littoral elements, and a higher share of detritivores than at higher altitudes. NMDS analysis separated sites mainly based on sampling period. Although Heptageniidae nymphs were recorded in all streams, the parasitic chironomid Symbiocladius rhithrogenae (Zavrel, 1924) was recorded attached to three nymphs of Rhithrogena group semicolorata, each in a different stream. These records represent the first report of this species for Croatia. The current study contributes significantly to our knowledge of mayfly assemblages and species distribution in South-East Europe. Moreover, with a newly recorded species, this study indicates that the knowledge of the Croatian chironomid fauna is still growing.
Key words: Mayfly assemblages / longitudinal zonal associations / trophic structure / parasitic chironomid / first record
© EDP Sciences, 2018
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