Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim.
Volume 53, 2017
|Page(s)||325 - 332|
|Published online||04 September 2017|
Variability in ostracod communities (Crustacea, Ostracoda) in connected and isolated tropical floodplain lakes
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia de Ambientes Aquáticos Continentais, Universidade Estadual de Maringá,
Av. Colombo, 5790,
2 Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Núcleo de Pesquisas em Limnologia, Ictiologia e Aquicultura, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia de Ambientes Aquáticos Continentais, Av. Colombo, 5790, CEP 87020-900 Maringá, PR, Brazil
3 Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Freshwater Biology, Vautierstraat 29, 1000 Brussels, Belgium
4 University of Ghent, Department of Biology, K.L. Ledeganckstraat 35, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
Accepted: 18 July 2017
Floodplains mostly consist of primary and secondary riverbeds, connecting channels and lakes that are either isolated from rivers and channels for most of the year, or lakes that are connected to rivers and channels for most (or all) of the year. We hypothesize that the differences in invertebrate communities, as calculated by beta-diversities, will be higher in isolated than in connected lakes. We use ostracod communities in the pleuston of the floating macrophyte Eichhornia crassipes in the Upper Paraná River floodplain to test this hypothesis. We have observed significant differences in species composition between the two types of lakes. However, although beta diversity values are indeed slightly higher in isolated than in connected lakes, these differences are not significant. This lack of clear effect of isolation on beta diversity could be owing to the fact that the period of isolation since the last homogenizing flood pulse had not been long enough, or because differences in degree of isolation become altogether insignificant in periods of low water flow.
Key words: microcrustaceans / beta diversity / connectivity / Eichhornia crassipes / Paraná River
© EDP Sciences, 2017
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