Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim.
Volume 53, 2017
|Page(s)||89 - 100|
|Published online||25 January 2017|
Influence of environmental factors on cyanobacterial biomass and microcystin concentration in the Dau Tieng Reservoir, a tropical eutrophic water body in Vietnam
1 Institute of Tropical Biology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST), 85 Tran Quoc Toan Street, District 3, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
2 Institute of Research and Development, Duy Tan University, Da Nang, Vietnam
3 Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology, Vietnam National University, Ho Chi Minh City, 268 Ly Thuong Kiet Street, District 10, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
4 Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
5 Universidad Austral de Chile, Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Limnológicas, Casilla 567, Valdivia, Chile
6 University Rennes 1, UMR 6553 ECOBIO, Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes Cedex, France
7 Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8572, Japan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Received: 2 September 2016
Accepted: 25 November 2016
Cyanobacterial blooms can be harmful to environmental and human health due to the production of toxic secondary metabolites, known as cyanotoxins. Microcystins (MCs), one of the most widespread class of cyanotoxins in freshwater, have been found to be positively correlated with cyanobacterial biomass as well as with nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations in temperate lakes. However, in tropical water bodies, cyanobacterial density and cyanotoxin correlation to environmental factors is not fully understood. In the present study, we examined the effects of total nitrogen and total phosphorus (TP) concentrations among other environmental parameters on cyanobacterial community structure and MC concentrations in the Dau Tieng reservoir, a tropical, eutrophic water body in Southern Vietnam. Cyanobacterial biomass and MC content were monitored monthly from March 2012 to February 2013, when MCs were present in the Dau Tieng Reservoir. The highest concentrations of intracellular MCs were found in September and February when cyanobacteria biomass reached maximum values, with 2.50 and 2.13 μg MC.L–1, respectively. Principle component analysis and redundancy analysis showed that MC concentration was positively correlated with the biomass of the cyanobacterial order Chroococcales, whereas TP was the primary abiotic factor influencing cyanobacterial biomass and MC concentrations in the Dau Tieng Reservoir. In addition, Bayesian model average analysis was used to construct a prediction model of MCs using cyanobacterial biomass and environmental variables revealing a suite of useful predictive factors for MCs in the Dau Tieng Reservoir, including water temperature, TP and the biomass of Chroococcales.
Key words: Cyanotoxins / harmful cyanobacterial blooms / total phosphorus / Bayesian model average
© EDP Sciences, 2017
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