Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim.
Volume 51, Number 2, 2015
|Page(s)||139 - 146|
|Published online||17 April 2015|
Diversity of algae in a thallium and other heavy metals-polluted environment
1 Department of Plant Cytology and Embryology, Jagiellonian University in Kraków, Gronostajowa 9 St., 30-387 Kraków, Poland
2 Department of Phycology, W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lubicz 46 St., PL-31-512 Kraków, Poland
3 Faculty of Biotechnology and Horticulture, Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, University of Agriculture in Kraków, Al. 29 Listopada 54, 31-425 Kraków, Poland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: 5 September 2014
Accepted: 3 March 2015
Thallium (Tl) compounds are extremely toxic to living organisms, including algae, but there is a dearth of basic information regarding the mechanisms of action of Tl in the environment and its effects on algae in natural conditions. This study examined algal diversity in an environment highly polluted by Tl. Graniczna Woda stream is contaminated by Tl and other heavy metal compounds (Cd, Pb and Zn). There we found 66 algae taxa representing five phyla, among which euglenophytes prevailed. We found that euglenophytes, including Phacus species, can survive and can show high species diversity in the presence of high Tl concentrations. The fact that these small organisms covered only by a pellicle are able to thrive in such inhospitable habitat, shows a great plasticity of these organisms. It is unclear whether the algae of Graniczna Woda stream have a broad tolerance to harmful conditions or rather represent new varieties/clones that evolved in metal-contaminated waters and are adapted to this environment.
Key words: Euglenophytes / Cd / Zn / Pb / thallium / water pollution
© EDP Sciences, 2015
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