Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim.
Volume 48, Number 4, 2012
|Page(s)||363 - 370|
|Published online||29 October 2012|
Effects of irradiance and spectral composition on the establishment of macroalgae in streams in southern Brazil
1 Laboratory of Aquatic Biology, Department of Biological Sciences, São Paulo State University, UNESP, Av. Dom Antônio, 2100, 19806-900, Assis, SP, Brazil
2 Federal University of Latin American Integration, UNILA, Av. Tancredo Neves, 6731, Itaipu Technological Park 85867-970, Foz do Iguaçu, PR, Brazil
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 26 August 2012
The relative effects of irradiance and spectral composition on the colonization and development of macroalgal communities were examined in four streams exposed to full sunlight in southern Brazil. A set of solar filters surrounded the artificial substrata to provide various quantitative and qualitative light conditions. In addition to the control, the conditions were full sunlight attenuated by 50, 70 and 90%, blue light (filter transmitting 430–500 nm), green light (500–600 nm) and red light (>600 nm). Macroalgal percent cover was determined three times during the colonization period (15, 39 and 70 days). Significant differences occurred in the mean values for macroalgal community percent cover between treatments at 15 and 39 days, suggesting that early and intermediate stages of the colonization were directly influenced by irradiance. There was an almost complete absence of macroalgae with 90% attentuation, but progressive increases with 70 and 50% attenuation. However, the mean values for macroalgal community percent cover did not differ significantly between color treatments, suggesting that the effects of irradiance on macroalgal colonization were stronger than those of spectral composition at similar intensity. The quantitative responses differed among the taxa.
Key words: Irradiance / light availability / lotic system / spectral composition / stream macroalgae
© EDP Sciences, 2012
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