Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim.
Volume 57, 2021
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||06 July 2021|
Functional feeding groups of Protist Ciliates (Protist: Ciliophora) on a neotropical flood plain
Pós-graduação em Ecologia de Ambientes Aquáticos Continentais, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, Paraná, Av. Colombo, 5790 Maringá, PR, Brazil
2 Núcleo de Pesquisas em Limnologia, Ictiologia e Aquicultura, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, Av. Colombo, 5790 Maringá, PR, Brazil
3 Programa de Pós-graduação em Tecnologias Limpas − PPGTL, Instituto Cesumar de Ciência Tecnologia e Inovação − ICETI, Universidade UniCesumar, Av. Guedner, 1610 - Jardim Aclimação, Maringá 87050-900, PR, Brazil
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 28 May 2021
Functional diversity approaches have been an efficient tool in gaining a better understanding of how environmental conditions selected species in a given environment and how they share resources, linking ecological processes to biodiversity patterns. Although most of the protist ciliates are not highly specialized, functional feeding groups with species which ingest similar food can be identified. Thus, this study aimed to compare the abundance of different Functional Feeding Groups (FFG) of ciliates in environments with different hydrodynamic conditions (lotic and lentic) in different hydrological periods (high and low water) in a neotropical flood plain. The samples for analysis of the community of ciliates were taken in March and September of 2010 and 2011, at the subsurface of 12 different hydrodynamic environments. The results of an RDA showed a spatial and temporal segregation of the sampling units, based on the abundance and occurrence of the FFG. In addition, a clear influence of food resources on the structuring of functional ciliate guilds was evidenced. Thus, there were both temporal (hydrological periods) and spatial (different hydrodynamic environments) differences in the distribution of the FFG, with a clear separation of the FFGs between the years studied. In summary, the results of the categorization of species of ciliates in FFG responded satisfactorily suggesting fluctuations in different food resources, which reinforces the idea that the grouping of species by functional characteristics can be a good indicator of the responses of organisms to environmental fluctuations.
Key words: Ciliates / hydrodynamics / flood pulse / food resources / environmental changes
© EDP Sciences, 2021
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