Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim.
Volume 56, 2020
|Number of page(s)||22|
|Published online||13 October 2020|
Zooplankton species distribution, richness and composition across tropical shallow lakes: A large scale assessment by biome, lake origin, and lake habitat
Instituto Federal Farroupilha, Campus Santo Augusto, Santo Augusto, RS 98590-000, Brazil
2 Departamento de Ecologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, RN 79070-900, Brazil
3 Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, PR 87020-900, Brazil
4 Departamento de Hidrobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, SP 13565-905, Brazil
5 Departamento de Ciências do Mar, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Santos, SP 11030-400, Brazil
6 Departamento de Biologia, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PE 52171-900, Brazil
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 15 September 2020
Assessing zooplankton biodiversity is essential to support freshwater management/conservation programs. Here, we investigated the zooplankton community structure from 180 shallow lakes in northeastern Brazil and analyzed them according to biome (Atlantic Forest or Caatinga), the origin of ecosystems (natural or man-made lakes), and habitat type (pelagic or littoral). Additionally, we provided an updated list of zooplankton species. We registered 227 species (137 Rotifera, 65 Cladocera, 25 Copepoda). The most common species of each major group among all lakes were the cladoceran Ceriodaphina cornuta, the rotifers Brachionus havanaensis and Lecane bulla, and the copepod Termocyclops decipiens. Species related to aquatic vegetation, as the Lecanidae rotifers and phytophilous cladocerans, were more frequent along Atlantic Forest biome and natural lakes. On the other hand, species that are bioindicators of eutrophic waters were more common at the Caatinga biome and man-made lakes. Atlantic Forest and Caatinga biomes had similar species richness, but different community compositions for all zooplankton groups, reinforcing the Caatinga significance for the Brazilian aquatic biodiversity. The type of habitat was the most important factor structuring species richness, with higher richness in the littoral region when compared to the pelagic. A result of many unique species of Cladocera and Rotifera associated with the aquatic vegetation were observed. The findings demonstrated that conservation/management plans cannot generalize zooplankton species distribution across different biomes, origins and even within a single lake, between the pelagic and littoral zones.
Key words: Checklist / microcrustaceans / Rotifera / drylands / Caatinga
© EDP Sciences, 2020
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