Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim.
Volume 56, 2020
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||20 July 2020|
Longitudinal distribution of macroinvertebrate in a very wet North African Basin: Oued Melloulou (Morocco)
Université Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah, Faculté des Sciences de Dhar El Mehraz, Laboratoire de Biotechnologie, Conservation et Valorisation des Ressources Naturelles, Fes, Morocco
2 Université Mohamed Premier, Faculté des Sciences, Département de Biologie, Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Eau, de l'environnement et du Développement Durable, B.P. 717, Oujda, Morocco
3 Département de Zoologie and Ecologie Animale, Université Mohammed V de Rabat, Institut Scientifique, Rabat, Morocco
4 Departamento de Ecología e Hidrología, Facultad de Biología, Universidad de Murcia. 30100 Espinardo, Murcia, Spain
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 10 June 2020
Melloulou River, which is located in Middle Atlas of Morocco, is a good example of a very wet and poorly known basin, and therefore of special conservation concern. The aim of this study was to draw up an initial inventory of the benthic macroinvertebrates taxa, and to analyze its longitudinal distribution in the basin, particularly searching for the main abiotic factors addressing its zonation for improving future management and conservation actions. The study allowed identifying 161 taxa belonging to 127 genera and 80 families, most new records for northeast Morocco. The biotypology, which was studied by using Foucart' Factorial Correspondence Analysis (FCA), Partial Triadic analysis (PTA), and IndVal showed a longitudinal distribution of macroinvertebrates mainly governed by altitude, slope and current velocity. The studied biota revealed the presence of three assemblages and an important number of ubiquitous species not included in any group. The first group is located in the upper courses of Melloulou River representing a community proper of a crenon-rhithron zone; the second occurs in the middle and lower courses, and clearly reflects the community of a large potamon; the third one is a mixture of taxa capable to colonize the entire study area. Our finding, highlight the singular aquatic biodiversity occurring in the Melloulou River and its extraordinary changing water dynamic over time, which are key factors for future monitoring, as well as managing and conservation actions.
Key words: Pluvio-nival basins / biodiversity hotspot / longitudinal zonation / Partial Triadic Analysis / Foucart' factorial correspondence analysis / macroinvertebrates assemblages
© EDP Sciences, 2020
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