Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim.
Volume 55, 2019
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||13 May 2019|
Bio-assessment of surface waters in the south-east of Gaziantep (Turkey) using diatom metrics
Department of Biology, Faculty of Art and Science, University of Gaziantep, 27310 Gaziantep, Turkey
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 23 April 2019
Diatom metrics can be used to identify the ecological status of water bodies due to their good responses to anthropogenic disturbances. Our study is aimed to use diatom metrics developed from different ecoregions for assessing the ecological status of 11 surface waters in the south-east of the Gaziantep catchment (Turkey). Ecological characterizations of the sampling stations were introduced by Trophic Index Turkey (TIT), Trophic Index (TI), and Eutrophication and/or Pollution Index-Diatom (EPI-D). According to TIT and TI, Karkamış Reservoir had a good ecological condition while it had high ecological status based on EPI-D. This good ecological condition was approved by the presence of pollution sensitive species (e.g., Cymbella affinis, Encyonema minutum, E. silesiacum, Cymbopleura amphicephala, and Navicula radiosa) and relatively low nutrients. Kayacık (TIT ranging 3.15–3.23) and Hancağız (TIT = 3.35) reservoirs had poor and bad ecological conditions, respectively. High nutrient, conductivity, and pollution-tolerant species (e.g., Nitzschia amphibia, N. palea, N. umbonata, N. linearis, N. phyllepta, Tryblionella calida, and Pinnularia brebissonii) supported the ecological statuses of the Hancağız and Kayacık reservoirs. The first two axes of canonical correspondence analysis explained 0.943 of relationships between diatom species and explanatory variables. Explanatory variables, e.g., calcium, conductivity, orthophosphate, nitrate, nitrite, sodium, pH, and sulfur, had strong impacts on the distribution of diatom assemblages among the sampling stations. TIT and TI separated ecological statuses of sampling stations in the south-east of the Gaziantep catchment, which correlated well with the evidence of water chemistry and response of diatom assemblages.
Key words: Biological assessment / diatoms / Turkey / Trophic Index Turkey
© EDP Sciences, 2019
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