Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim.
|Page(s)||273 - 284|
|Published online||13 June 2016|
Zooplankton community in Yangtze River Estuary and adjacent sea areas after the impoundment of the Three Gorges Reservoir
1 Center for Eco-environmental Research, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, Nanjing 210029, China
2 College of Water Conservancy and Hydroelectric Power, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
3 State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
4 The First Institute of Oceanography, Qingdao 266061, China
5 College of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, Three Gorges University, Yichang 443002, China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Received: 31 January 2016
Accepted: 9 May 2016
Zooplankton is an important component of aquatic ecosystems and community variation reflects environmental changes. The impoundment of the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) has dramatically altered hydro-environmental conditions from hydrological regimes to water quality, which may have a serious impact on the estuarine ecosystem. This study analyzed the characteristics of the zooplankton community as well as their relationships to hydro-environmental factors in the Yangtze River Estuary (YRE) and the adjacent sea areas using the data after TGR impoundment. The historical zooplankton data over the past 30 years were also collected from the literature to explore long-term changes of the zooplankton community by the Mann–Kendall test. The results show that the dominant species were Noctiluca scintillans and Calanus sinicus in spring, Acartia pacifica in summer, and Paracalanus aculeatus in autumn. The most important environmental factors affecting the zooplankton community for the whole year were salinity and temperature of the bottom layer, which were largely influenced by river discharge and thus by reservoir regulation. Combined with the long-term historical data, the biomass and population density of zooplankton showed an increasing trend, and the community structure of zooplankton also shifted over the past 30 years.
Key words: community structure / spatial-temporal variations / bottom layer salinity and temperature / changing trend
© EDP Sciences, 2016
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