Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim.
Volume 46, Number 3, 2010
|Page(s)||181 - 190|
|Published online||16 August 2010|
Colonisation of temporary macrophyte substratum by midges (Chironomidae: Diptera)
1 Department of Biology, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University, Trg Ljudevita Gaja 6, HR-31000 Osijek, Croatia
2 Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Rooseveltov trg 6, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 18 May 2010
This study investigates a phytophylous community of Chironomidae larvae on the submerged plant species Myriophyllum spicatum L. in a eutrophic lake (Lake Sakadaš, Danube floodplain area in Croatia) during summer 2004. This macrophyte species appeared for the first time in the lake in 2004, lasted approximately three months and was considered as a temporary habitat. The chironomid community was very abundant in the stands of this macrophyte species, which developed at three sites. The recorded species belong to three subfamilies: Chironominae (Chironomini and Tanytarsini), Orthocladiinae and Tanypodinae. Species composition varied in time, though Orthocladiinae with their representative Cricotopus sylvestris gr. dominated throughout the entire sampling period, accounting for approx. 60% of the total community. However, the presence of this species group experienced a marked drop to only 10% in September when Chironomini larvulae and Paratanytarsus sp. prevailed. Furthermore, the share of Endochironomus albipennis (Meigen 1830) in relation to other species was also consistently higher. NMDS ordination and cluster analysis separated three main colonization periods based on larval abundance. RDA analysis indicated the influence of environmental variables, especially Secchi depth, macrophyte dry weight, depth and water temperature, on chironomid community structure.
Key words: Chironomid larvae / floodplain lake / Myriophyllum spicatum / environmental conditions
© EDP Sciences, 2010
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