Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim.
Volume 40, Number 1, March 2004
|Page(s)||1 - 9|
|Published online||15 February 2009|
The Lake Biotic Index (LBI): an applied method for assessing the biological quality of lakes using macrobenthos; the Lake Châlain (French Jura) as an example
Laboratoire de Biologie Environnementale EA 3184 USC INRA, Institut des Sciences et Techniques de l’Environnement (ISTE), Place Maréchal Leclerc, 25030 Besançon cedex.
Corresponding author: email@example.com
The paper proposes a new biological method for assessing the quality of lakes. It is based on the comparison of littoral and profundal macroinvertebrate communities sampled in soft sediments. Two depths were sampled: one at the littoral zone (Zl = 2m) to define a littoral index (Bl ) related to the biogenic potential of the lake (quantitative data), the other at the deep zone (Zf = 0.66 Zmax) to define a taxonomic deficit index (Df ) connected with the quality of the water-sediment interface in deep zone (qualitative data). These two indexes were combined in a Lake Biotic Index (LBI), with a range from 0 to 20, which gives an evaluation of the biogenic capacity of a lake to the development of macroconsumer communities. Using the Bl and Df values any lake can be plotted on a typological graph which is helpfull to characterize lakes both quantitatively (oligo- to polybiotic) and qualitatively (eu- to dysbiotic). Lake Châlain (French Jura) is presented as an example of the method application with its macrofauna and the index calculation. Then, this lake was included in the typological graph with nine other French lakes studied using the same method. Each lake, characterized by its Bl, Df and LBI values, can be compared to the others in a typological scheme. The proposed indexes are discussed and bases for interpretation of the results are presented. The proposed classification of lakes gives an evaluation of their biogenic capacity concerning macroconsumers and can be usefully compared with other classifications, especially with trophic and sediment types, in functional studies as well as in lake diagnosis, in the context of the Water Framework Directive (Directive 2000/60/CE).
Key words: lakes / macroinvertebrates / biotic index / typology / Water Framework Directive
© Université Paul Sabatier, 2004
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