Open Access

Table 1

List of the non-native species and families, region or basin of origin, human use, status (established, non-established, extinct or unknown), date of first observation as non-native in French Guiana and river basins where the species has been observed as non-native (AP: Aprouague; CO: Comté; CR: coastal rivers and swamps; OY: Oyapock; SI: Sinnamary).

Family Species name Native origin Human use Status in French Guiana First observation in French Guiana River basins
Arapaimidae Arapaima gigas (Schinz, 1822) Amazon and Essequibo Aquaculture Unknown 2020 CO, CR
Characidae Hyphessobrycon eques (Steindachner, 1882) Amazon and Paraguay Ornamental Extinct 1996 CR
Cichlidae Cichla monoculus (Spix & Agassiz, 1831) Amazon and Oyapock Aquaculture Established 2010 CO
Cichlidae Heros efasciatus (Heckel, 1840) Amazon and Oyapock Ornamental Established 1984 CO, CR, OY, SI
Cichlidae Mesonauta guyanae (Schindler, 1998) Amazon, Essequibo, Oyapock Ornamental Established 2009 CR
Cichlidae Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters, 1852) Africa Aquaculture Unknown 2003 CO
Cichlidae Pterophyllum scalare (Schultze, 1823) Amazon, Essequibo, Oyapock Ornamental Extinct 2018 SI
Cyprinidae Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758) (koi strain) Eurasia Ornamental Non-established 2015 SI
Osteoglossidae Osteoglossum bicirrhosum (Cuvier, 1829) Amazon, Oyapock Aquaculture Non-established 2018 CO
Poecilidae Poecilia reticulata (Peters, 1859) North-East of South America Ornamental Established 2005 SI, CR
Serrasalmidae Colossoma macropomum (Cuvier, 1816) Amazon and Orinoco Aquaculture Unknown 2018 AP, CO, SI

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