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Differences in anti-predator behavior and survival rate between hatchery-reared and wild grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus)

Lijun Tang, Lisa Jacquin, Sovan Lek, Huanzhang Liu, Zhongjie Li, Jiashou Liu and Tanglin Zhang

Hatchery-reared Ctenopharyngodon idellus exhibited altered anti-predator behavior and lower survival rate compared to wild C. idellus from the Yangtze River. The study highlights the need to improve artificial rearing and stocking conditions of C. idellus to produce fish that are better adapted to natural conditions.

Ann. Limnol. - Int. J. Lim., 53 (2017) 361-367
DOI: 10.1051/limn/2017020

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