Spring diet composition of Rainbow Trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792) in the Urederra River (Spain)
Departamento de Zoología y Ecología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Navarra, Apdo. 177, E-31080 Pamplona, Spain
2 Universidad Europea Miguel de Cervantes, C/Padre Julio Chevalier, E-47012, Valladolid, Spain
Corresponding author: email@example.com
This study describes the diet composition of 42 rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792) (90-480 mm TL), captured in May 1995 in the Urederra River (North of Spain). Rainbow trout of all sizes fed mainly on midge (adults, larvae and pupae), but there were some differences in the feeding habits of small and large fish. We found that as the trout grew larger terrestrial prey became the most important food item. Rainbow trout avoided Leuctridae and showed some preference for Ephemeroptera, Diptera larvae and Nemouridae larvae. Native fish predation and exploitation of the same trophic resources in the Urederra River, could negatively affect native fishes, such as European minnow, Phoxinus phoxinus L., 1758 or brown trout, Salmo trutta L., 1758.
Key words: Oncorhynchus mykiss / rainbow trout / diet composition / prey selection / Urederra River / Spain
© Université Paul Sabatier, 2005