Patterns of major photosynthetic pigments in freshwater algae. 2. Dinophyta, Euglenophyta, Chlorophyceae and Charales
Institute of Ecology and Conservation Biology, University of Vienna, Althanstraße 14, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
2 Donabaum & Wolfram OEG, Zentagasse 14, A-1050 Vienna, Austria
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Major pigment patterns of 18 chlorophyceae, 7 charales, 4 euglenophyta, and 2 dinophyta isolated from freshwater ecosystems, were investigated by means of HPLC. In this study, quantitative results are presented, too, which are capable for phytoplankton quantification techniques based on pigment patterns. Chlorophyceae revealed a pattern similar to that of higher plants, but in some strains, loroxanthin as well as α-carotene were present. In charophytes, except for vegetative specimens of Chara tomentosa, γ-carotene was detected in antheridia only. Among investigated freshwater euglenophytes diadinoxanthin was the major carotenoid, with neoxanthin and ß-carotene present in minor amounts. Besides chlorophylls-a and -c, dinophytes contained high quantities of peridinin, whereas fucoxanthin was absent. An unknown component eluting just before violaxanthin showed a spectrum reminding of peridinin.
Key words: HPLC / freshwater algae / pigments / carotenoids / dinophyta / euglenophyta / chlorophyta / chlorophyceae / charophyceae
© Université Paul Sabatier, 2003